1. Background. From May to July 1970, 5th Division participated in the
military excursion into Cambodia with Operation Total Victory 46 in the Fish
Hook area North of Loc Ninh.
This base area was considered to be used by the 5th NVA Division as a
headquarters location and training area, and the 70th Rear Service Group which
moved supplies down the Serges Jungle Highway. Elements of the 5th NVA Division
were identified along with elements of the 70th Rear Service Group and its
2. Mission. To attack and destroy the 70th and 80th Rear Service
Groups: one hospital and one training center. Division elements will locate and
destroy or evacuate enemy foods, ammunition, weapons and medical caches in the
3. Planning. In preparation for the Cambodian operation Commanding
General Nguyen Van Hieu of the 5th Division with his G3, the CDAT commander, and
the DCAT G3 made the initial area coordination with Commanding General
Casey of the 1st Cavalry Division and his G3. Upon completion of this
initial coordination the Assistant Division Commander of the 5th Division, the
Commanding Officer of the 9th Regiment, and the DCAT G3 effected direct
coordination with the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment (US). During the operation
coordination was made by the 9th Regimental Commander and his DCAT Commander for
the joint occupation of Fire Support Base Gonder by elements of the 9th Regiment
and the 1st Cavalry Division.
4. Execution. Operation Total Victory 46 was conducted in 5 phases.
Phase I was the attack phase. Phase II, III and IV were search and destroy
phases. Phase V was the withdrawal phase.
Phase I: The attack began on 6 May 1970 when two battalions of the 9th
Regiment conducted an air assault into separate landing zones just north of the
border. On 11 May the 11th Armored Cav Regiment reinforced by the 5th Recon
Company and one company from the 4th Battalion, 9th Regiment, moved north and
joined the operation. During this phase thirteen contacts were made with the
enemy and three significant caches were located.
Phase II: The same units participated in Phase II which began on 13 May.
During ground reconnaissance operations and two airmobile operations there were
seventeen contacts with the enemy and two significant caches were located.
Phase III: To begin Phase III on 27 May the 2d Battalion moved south out of
Cambodia and the 1st and 3d Battalions moved into the operational area to join
the 4th Battalion and the 11th Armored Cav Regiment. During this phase the ground
reconnaissance continued along with two airmobile operations which resulted in
seventeen contacts and the location of two significant caches. On 7 June, the
1st Armored Cav Regiment withdrew from the operation and moved south back into
Phase IV: During Phase IV two airmobile operations were conducted. There
were a total of twelve contacts with the enemy and one significant cache
discovered. On 12 June the 2d Battalion replaced the 4th Battalion in the
Phase V: The withdrawal phase began on 20 June. During the withdrawal there
were six contacts and one cache was discovered. The last element cleared
Cambodia on 27 June 1970.
Addendum 1: Task Organization of Operation Total Victory 46